第一性原理思维法在页岩气革命中的实践与启示
投稿时间:2021-08-14  修订日期:2021-12-22  点此下载全文
引用本文:张金成.第一性原理思维法在页岩气革命中的实践与启示[J].钻探工程,2022,49(2):1-8.
ZHANG Jincheng. First principle thinking promotes innovation of shale gas revolution[J]. Drilling Engineering, 2022,49(2):1-8.
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作者单位E-mail
张金成 页岩油气富集机理与有效开发国家重点实验室北京 102206
中国石油化工股份有限公司石油工程技术研究院北京 102206 
zhangjc.sripe@sinopec.com 
基金项目:国家科技重大专项“涪陵页岩气水平井钻完井技术研究”(编号:2016ZX05060-012)
中文摘要:我国油气对外依存度不断攀升,通过传统意义上的创新难以满足油气勘探开发大幅增产降本的要求,必须通过革命性、颠覆性的创新来破困突围。在页岩气革命中,基于第一性原理思维法,围绕提高控制储量和降低开发成本两大目标,创新了井工厂钻井、一趟钻钻井、超长水平段水平井钻井等颠覆性创新技术,使钻井周期和作业成本大幅降低,实现了我国首个大型页岩气田——涪陵页岩气田的高效开发。最后,笔者展望了第一性原理思维法在缝洞型碳酸盐岩油气藏和干热岩地热资源开发领域的创新应用,并指出运用第一性原理思维法是未来石油工程技术实现颠覆性创新的重要途径和方法。
中文关键词:第一性原理思维法  颠覆性创新  页岩气革命  增产降本  缝洞型油气藏  干热岩地热资源
 
First principle thinking promotes innovation of shale gas revolution
Abstract:China’s dependence on foreign oil and gas is rising, and conventional technology optimization is difficult to meet the demand for greatly increasing production and reducing cost. We must break difficulties through revolutionary and disruptive innovation. In the shale gas revolution, based on the first principle thinking method, and focusing on the two goals of improving controlled reserves and reducing development costs, disruptive innovative technologies such as ultra-long horizontal well drilling, large fracturing, pad drilling and multi-layer three-dimensional development have been developed so as to reduce the drilling period and operation cost by more than 50%. It has realized the efficient development of Fuling Shale Gas Field—the first large shale gas field in China. The author extends the first principle thinking method to the fields of fracture cave carbonate rock reservoir and hot-dry rock geothermal energy development. The application of the first principle thinking method is an important way and method for the disruptive innovation of petroleum engineering technology in the future.
keywords:first principle thinking  disruptive innovation  shale gas revolution  increasing production and reducing cost  fracture-cave reservoir  hot-dry rock geothermal
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