危岩崩塌防治技术体系及工程选型分析
投稿时间:2023-07-22  修订日期:2023-11-03  点此下载全文
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作者单位邮编
周云涛* 中国地质科学院探矿工艺研究所 611734
基金项目:国家重点基础研究发展计划
中文摘要:危岩崩塌防治技术是保障危岩工程安全稳定的关键。通过对危岩崩塌防治技术的优缺点、适用条件、工程设置原则以及选型程序的分析,认为危岩崩塌防治技术可分为主动防治技术、被动防治技术和辅助防治技术,各项防治技术设计时应充分考虑其适用条件,按照工程设置原则采纳使用,适时选择多种技术组合方式的治理措施进行危岩崩塌工程防治;危岩崩塌防治技术选型应遵循查清危岩体基本情况→评价危岩体状态→选择危岩防治技术→分析防治技术选型结果的基本程序,确定危岩崩塌防治技术选型程序各环节的关键参数,以确定合适的崩塌防治技术。研究成果可为危岩崩塌防治工程设计提供理论依据和关键技术支撑。
中文关键词:防治技术体系  选型程序  主动防治技术  被动防治技术  危岩  崩塌
 
Analysis of control and prevention technology system and engineering selection for unstable-rock
Abstract:Control and prevention technology for unstable-rock is the key to guarantee the safety and stability of unstable-rock engineering. This paper analyzed merit and demerit, application condition, engineering setting principle and selection program, and divided the control and prevention technology into three kinds, i.e., active technology, passive technology and assistance technology. Then their application conditions should be considered when these technologies were designed and these technologies were selected based on engineering setting principle while The treatment measure with multiple technologies to control and prevent unstable-rock was preferentially selected. The selection of technology for unstable-rock engineering followed such process, i.e., checking the basic information of unstable-rock→evaluating the state of unstable-rock→selecting technology of unstable-rock→analyzing the result of selected technology, thus key parameters of each link of this process were confirmed to select the suitable technology. This research achievement could provide the theoretical foundation and the key technology support for unstable-rock engineering.
keywords:control and prevention system  selection process  active technology  passive technology  unstable-rock  collapse
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